Upstart Crow – 30 Facts and Rumours about The Real Kit Marlowe

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Here’s a treat for all us Upstart Crow fans! After my attempts last year at compiling 50 historical Upstart Crow facts for the fansite, (Here’s a link to that if you fancy a read: Upstart Crow Trivia) my friend, who has asked me if she can be credited using her twitter handle: Chasqui Penguin, who is a proper historian and an expert on all things Christopher Marlowe, has kindly supplied me with a list of fascinating facts she has compiled that you may not have known about Upstart Crow’s lovable rogue Kit Marlowe! Here they are:

 

Christopher (Kit) Marlowe – 30 Facts (and Rumours)

 

  1. Christopher (Kit) Marlowe was born in Canterbury to shoemaker, John Marlowe and his wife Katherine, their second child and eldest son.

 

  1. He was baptised on Saturday, 26th February 1564 at the church of St George the Martyr, opposite the house, thought to be the Marlowes’ home, in St George’s Lane.

 

  1. It is likely he was born in the preceding few days, though his exact date of birth is unknown. It was customary then for babies to be baptised soon after birth as infant mortality rates were high.

 

  1. Kit’s older sister, Mary, died at the age of six in 1568.

 

  1. His parents had nine children, six of whom lived to adulthood.

 

  1. Kit grew up surrounded by younger sisters. Two brothers died in early infancy and the youngest child, Thomas, was born in 1576 when Kit was 12. His sister, Jane, is thought to have died in January 1583, aged 13, possibly in childbirth, having married John Moore, at the age of 12 in April 1582.

 

  1. At the age of 14 Kit gained a scholarship to Canterbury’s King’s School (opened by Henry VIII). There has been speculation that his fees were paid by Sir Roger Manwood, a senior judge and philanthropist, also from Kent. On his death in 1592, Kit wrote an elegy to him in Latin.

 

  1. As a pupil at the King’s School, Kit is said to have sung in the choir of the nearby Canterbury Cathedral.

 

  1. In 1580 Kit gained The Matthew Parker Scholarship enabling him to further his studies at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge University, where he gained his BA in 1584 and his MA in 1587.

 

  1. This scholarship was inaugurated by Matthew Parker, the Archbishop of Canterbury from 1559 till his death in 1575, and intended for those wishing to study Theology.

 

  1. The only known genuine extant sample of Kit’s writing is his 1585 signature, on the will of Katherine Benchkin, below his father’s.

 

  1. The handwritten and unpublished extract from “Massacre at Paris” (known as the Collier Leaf) has not been proved authentic and could be the work of a forger.

 

  1. Kit is believed to have been recruited as a spy for the government of Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth I, while still at Cambridge. In fact, his long absences from his college nearly resulted in his being denied his MA, but a letter written by members of the Privy Council explained he had been working for her Majesty’s Government during his time away from his studies and, as a result, he was awarded his Master of Arts degree.

 

  1. Records, still extant at Cambridge University, reveal that after his lengthy absences in his post-graduate years, Kit returned and spent lavishly on food and drink in The Buttery, an unaffordable expense on just his scholarship income.

 

  1. While at Cambridge Kit translated Ovid’s Amores from Latin into English. These were later published under the name “Ovid’s Elegies”.

 

  1. On leaving Cambridge with his MA, Kit appears to have continued to lead a double life – as a very successful playwright and as a part-time spy for Queen Elizabeth’s government. There is no written evidence to support the latter but it is widely believed that he spent some of his time engaged in such shady activities and this may have provided him with enough spare time to write as well.

 

  1. Kit is said to have liked to wear fine clothes and, once he was earning money, would choose velvets and was often elaborately dressed.

 

  1. In 1952 a portrait of an ornately dressed young man, with the Latin inscription “Aged 21 in 1585” was found during refurbishments at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. It was renovated and is considered to be of Kit, although there is no definite evidence. There are also other portraits said to be of him but it seems likely the mystery of his appearance will remain unless a portrait can be verified as being of Christopher Marlowe, Cambridge Scholar and Tudor Dramatist.

 

  1. Kit was a poet, playwright and translator, as well as being a leading exponent of blank verse in iambic pentameter (followed by his contemporary, William Shakespeare).

 

  1. Kit’s works include the poems “The Passionate Shepherd to his Love” and “Hero and Leander”, his translations “Ovid’s Elegies” and “Lucan’s First Book of the Civil War” (known as “Pharsalia”) and his plays, which were all performed in his lifetime, “Dido, Queen of Carthage”, “Tamburlaine the Great”, “Tamburlaine Part II”, “The Jew of Malta”, “Doctor Faustus”, “Edward II” and “Massacre at Paris”.

 

  1. There are other plays and poems which he is thought to have written but no proof of authorship exists and so more Marlowe Mysteries are added to the others.

 

  1. The leading actor in the original performances of “Tamburlaine the Great”, “Tamburlaine Part II”, “Doctor Faustus” and “The Jew of Malta” was Edward Alleyn, a tall man and imposing actor whose theatrical abilities enhanced the roles Marlowe had created.

 

  1. It is believed that a secret club (nicknamed School of Night) was formed which attracted the interest of the Tudor free-thinkers, such as Henry Percy, Ninth Earl of Northumberland, Walter Raleigh, Thomas Hariot and Christopher Marlowe. They are said to have met to discuss the Arts and Sciences but there is no proof that this club actually existed.

 

  1. On 30th May 1593, while at a “safe house” in Deptford, South London, Kit is said to have been murdered, following an argument with Ingram Frizer over a matter of money, either an unpaid debt or the cost of a meal bill.

 

  1. Kit was also said to have been buried in an unmarked grave in the nearby churchyard of St Nicholas. Today there is a memorial stone placed in the wall of the churchyard which claims he was buried there and below is a quote from “Doctor Faustus”.

 

  1. At the time of his alleged murder, Marlowe was on bail, having been arrested on 20th May 1593 for the crime of atheism and if found guilty the punishment could have led to execution.

 

  1. The Marlovian Theory contends that his murder never occurred and he was sent into exile for his protection, with various reasons given for this conclusion, including the suggestion that he wrote Shakespeare’s plays post-1593. However, there is no definite evidence to prove the Marlovian Theory, although there are some plausible ideas surrounding it.

 

  1. In 2016 Oxford University scholars concluded that all three parts of “Henry VI” had been co-written by William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe (pre-1593) and now both their names appear on copies of The Oxford University Press publication.

 

  1. The house where Kit is believed to have been born (and lived during his early life), as well as the church where he was baptised, stood for centuries but were both flattened by a German bomb in 1942. However, the church clock tower escaped and still stands today, with a blue plaque dedicated to Kit. On the site of the Marlowes’ home is the Canterbury branch of Fenwicks, and the Marlowe Society is in discussion with the department store’s owners regarding a Christopher Marlowe memorial.

 

  1. Modern day Canterbury has not forgotten its most famous writer, with The Marlowe Theatre, and nearby a late Victorian statue dedicated to him and his plays (sculpted in bronze by Edward Onslow Ford) to be found in the city. His old school has remembered him, naming one of their school houses after him, and the town planners have noted his fame with Marlowe Road and Marlowe Avenue, not to mention Tamburlaine Court and Marlowe Court.

 

 

To the best of my knowledge the above points are correct but please accept my apologies for any inaccuracies. I am indebted to a variety of sources, including the Marlowe Society’s excellent website, which gives so much information on Kit’s life and works, and any errors in the above are entirely from my misunderstanding. Therefore, for fuller details on Christopher Marlowe, I would recommend visiting: http://www.marlowe-society.org/

 

 

 

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And now for something completely different – My convoluted ‘Back’ twist theory

vlcsnap-2017-09-18-01h23m51s254.pngWhat’s Andrew’s secret in ‘Back’? Let me hijack the fansite for a moment to bring you my theory: I propose to you that Andrew Thomas Donnelly is in fact the real Stephen Nichols. Dun dun duhhhhhhhhhh!

Firstly is Stephen a foster child? Well I think he is. Obviously he was surrounded by foster children throughout his childhood, so much so that he has ‘no memories of Andrew’ which I think is a very important fact. Stephen is nothing like his family and his personality seems to be at odds with them all. Andrew was with the Nichols for 5 months, ‘the happiest of his life’ odd that he was moved on so quickly considering he was Ellen’s ‘favourite foster child’. I think during this time Andrew and Stephen became very close, in fact I don’t think Andrew was called Andrew at this time. I think he was also called Stephen.

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So there were these two Stephens in amongst a sea of other foster kids. The Nichols, although loving, certainly don’t seem to be the most clued up bunch to be capable of keeping track of all their foster children. Stephen, adopted at a very young age, would have been wantonly oblivious to the fact that he might also be a foster child himself, and the Stephen we know as Andrew may have become aware that one of them was about to be ‘moved on’ while the other adopted into the Nichols family. So what does Andrew do? I believe he finds a way to swap their identities to give his beloved brother a better shot at a happy life totally unbeknownst to our oblivious Stephen.

vlcsnap-2017-09-07-23h48m44s27.pngSo does Ellen know about Andrew’s true identity as the real Stephen now? The son they intended to adopt? I believe she does. In episode one Ellen tells Stephen Andrew was ‘in touch with Laurie on Facebook’. I think during this time Andrew reached out to the Nichols family. On Facebook Andrew explained what he did as a child and as a result ‘Andrew’ gets left 5% of the John Barleycorn and is welcomed back with open arms as we’ve seen, on the condition perhaps that he won’t tell Stephen the truth.

Why would ‘Andrew’ do this? Well we know Andrew to be desperate to please people and although he seems furtive now, at 10 years old a simple genuine love for his brother could easily have spurred him on to do this. Although Andrew comes across to us as dangerous and unstable, he’s actually very passive to Stephen. But he also wants his place in the family. His place ‘Back’ in the family I would say, his place as what he should have been all along – the Nichol’s adopted son.

I’ve run two polls on the fan site twitter after each episode asking simply: Is Andrew evil? They both came back with a roughly 80% Yes result. (We had about 50 votes each time by the way! Cheers for the support guys!) So is it that simple? I think Andrew has certainly done some bad things. It’s been hotly debated if he did actually intend to kill that man on the plane in episode 1. He appears to be a con man as his attempts to impress and help rarely have any substance behind them and I have no theories as to what the ‘missing 18 months’ are about. There must be a reason Andrew came back to the Nichols, something he’s running away from…

Okay let’s look at the series finale’s plot synopsis from the channel 4 press office:Capture

A revelation that will change everything? Implying something that will change Stephen’s life as well as Andrew’s? To me it feels like this would be the ultimate irony for Stephen: He spends the entire series believing Andrew is trying to steal his life and in the end, it turns out that all along he stole Andrew’s.

But that’s just my theory. I  want your theories! If you have a theory then get in touch with us!vlcsnap-2017-08-26-00h05m31s213.png

Upstart Crow – The Green Eyed Monster – Tonight at 8:30pm!

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Episode one: The Green Eyed Monster

Will has to contend with the sneering rivalry of Robert Greene (Mark Heap) and the demands of having to churn out hits for a theatre company full of needy egos (played by Steve Speirs, Spencer Jones and Dominic Coleman), while at the same time facing one hell of a commute, back and forth to see the family in Stratford-upon-Avon, home of his wife Anne (Liza Tarbuck), stroppy teenage daughter Susannah (Helen Monks), his young twins, and his parents – dodgy dealing Dad (Harry Enfield) and posh-family-gone-to-seed mum (Paula Wilcox).

To make matters worse he has to contend with the Tudor public transport system that is almost as bad as the one we have today. Helping him keep it all together are his servant Bottom (Rob Rouse), his friend and would-be actress Kate (Gemma Whelan) and his dashing and not terribly trustworthy best friend Kit Marlowe (Tim Downie).

This week an African Prince is in town and Will decides that befriending him is the perfect opportunity to make his way into smarter social circles. But somebody is trying to turn Prince Otello (Steve Toussaint) against him. 624

This was actually the last episode recorded and another one I was very fortunate to be in the audience for. It’s a real classic, Highlights I particularly remember are Will’s sneezing fit and Greene’s genius expression for being clumsy. Don’t miss it Mitchell fans!

‘Back To The Bard’ – Upstart Crow press clippings

Next week’s TV guides reveal a bit about the new series of Upstart Crow, including a very interesting tidbit about a possible future cameo by Robert Webb and an interesting article by Ben Elton in the Radio Times. You can read them below:

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Meanwhile in other David Mitchell themed news people have been talking about David confirming a new series of Peep Show today. This is misleading at best. David has said exactly the same thing Mitchell and Webb were saying back in 2015 when they were doing press interviews for the last series of Peep Show: The show will possibly return in ten years or more to revisit the characters in an older guise. So there are no plans for an immediate return of Peep Show as some online articles have implied.

Upstart Crow Air Date: 11th September 8:30pm BBC2

img_3947The Radio Times are reporting that the second series of Upstart Crow will begin on Monday September 11th in the new, and rather promising slot of 8:30pm. After previously being shown at 10pm.

Capture.PNGThe first episode to air is based around Shakespeare’s Othello. Here’s what the BBC press office has to say:

Upstart Crow

The Green Eyed Monster

Huzzah! A new series of the situation comedy returns, starring David Mitchell as William Shakespeare, a man desperately balancing the competing claims of a busy family life in Stratford and trying to become the greatest writer of all time in London.

Will has to contend with the sneering rivalry of Robert Greene (Mark Heap) and the demands of having to churn out hits for a theatre company full of needy egos (played by Steve Speirs, Spencer Jones and Dominic Coleman), while at the same time facing one hell of a commute, back and forth to see the family in Stratford-upon-Avon, home of his wife Anne (Liza Tarbuck), stroppy teenage daughter Susannah (Helen Monks), his young twins, and his parents – dodgy dealing Dad (Harry Enfield) and posh-family-gone-to-seed mum (Paula Wilcox).

To make matters worse he has to contend with the Tudor public transport system that is almost as bad as the one we have today. Helping him keep it all together are his servant Bottom (Rob Rouse), his friend and would-be actress Kate (Gemma Whelan) and his dashing and not terribly trustworthy best friend Kit Marlowe (Tim Downie).

This week an African Prince is in town and Will decides that befriending him is the perfect opportunity to make his way into smarter social circles. But somebody is trying to turn Prince Otello (Steve Toussaint) against him. Written by Ben Elton.

 

I was lucky enough to be at the recording of this episode and as Shakespeare would say: ‘It’s a corker!’

This means brand new Back and Upstart Crow will be airing within one day of each other! A real treat for us Mitchell fans! Stay tuned for more information as we get it.

 

Back Interviews, Character bios and Plot Synopses

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Bradford Zone have posted a lot of information and interviews all about Back! So here are all the links to all the bits of news:

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Here’s David’s interview:

http://www.bradfordzone.co.uk/back-interview-with-david-mitchell-who-plays-stephen/

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And Robert’s:

http://www.bradfordzone.co.uk/back-interview-with-robert-webb-who-plays-andrew/

And Simon Blackwell’s:

http://www.bradfordzone.co.uk/back-interview-with-simon-blackwell-writer/

Here’s a rundown of the Characters:

http://www.bradfordzone.co.uk/back-character-biographies/

There’s also a page for Episode synopses that is full of spoilers! I was in two minds about whether to post it… THIS IS A SPOILER WARNING! IF YOU DON’T WANT TO READ DETAILED EPISODE TEASER SPOILERS DO NOT CLICK THIS LINK:

http://www.bradfordzone.co.uk/back-episode-synposes/

Brydon, Mack and Mitchell tickets for Reading

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Join David, Lee and Rob as they launch their tour! As we’ve heard from Lee Mack the gang are planning a tour in 2018/19 and are doing a number of warm up shows. This one will almost certainly be the first, at The Hexagon Theatre in Reading on the 30th of October. Tickets are going on sale at 10am tomorrow, that’s Wednesday 23rd. More details here:

http://www.readingarts.com/hexagon/whats-on/brydon-mack-and-mitchell